Introduction to module 

Livestock farming for meat production has been an established industry in England and Wales for many years. Over the years farming techniques have been altered and modernised. 
Animal health and welfare, and sustainability remain high priorities for farmers. 
Animals have been bred to produce leaner meat which has a positive impact on our diet and health.
This module contains an overview of information on how cattle, pigs and sheep are farmed.
 Key Messages
The key messages of the module includes: 
  • Cattle, pigs and sheep have been farmed for many years in England and Wales.
  • Livestock are bred to produce lean meat which benefits consumers as part of a health balanced diet.
  • The different animals have different lifecycles, however the health and welfare of all animals is a top priority for livestock farmers.
  • Livestock may graze outdoors in summer, however many animals are housed in sheds during the winter to protect them from bad weather.
  • Livestock housing must meet certain criteria, have good ventilation and allow the animals to move and be sociable.
  • Farmers also ensure that maintaining the environment is a priority.
  • The Red Tractor scheme sets out strict guidelines for farming and reassures consumers about standards of production, welfare and origin.
 Resources Available
All about meat
1x PowerPoint presentation
3x Worksheets - Livestock farming in England and Wales Note sheet and 
answers guide
- Farming know how
- Reasons to choose the Red Tractor
2x Interactive whiteboard (IWB) activities - True or false? and Unscramble quiz
- PowerPoint presentations
- Notebooks
- Flipcharts
Links to existing resources 
Digi bite Suite 2: Produce right – Food assurance schemes
This short video clip explains the high priority that is given by the red meat industry to food safety and quality assurance, in particular animal welfare and husbandry, healthcare standards and practices.
Order the following resources from and use these to support student learning on this topic: Pig tales, Sheep tales, Cattle tales. 
Classroom Activities
  •  Use the PowerPoint presentation to assist the students in completing the two worksheets.
  • Set students the task of creating a diary of a farmer’s day on the farm. Alternatively, set students the task of creating a diary of a cattle, pig or sheep’s day on the farm.
  • Arrange the class to visit a farm, or alternatively, a farmer to visit the class. 
  • Challenge students to create flow diagrams of the different lifecycles of cattle, pigs and sheep.

Curriculum links

Geography Key Stage 3 The study of geography should include: interactions between people and their environments, including causes and consequences of these interactions, and how to plan for and manage their future impact.
Science Key Stage 3 3.4 The environment, Earth and universe
The study of science should include: human activity and natural processes can lead to changes in the environment.
England September 2014
Design and Technology Key Stage 3 Cooking and nutrition
Pupils should be taught to: 
understand the source, seasonality and characteristics of a broad range of ingredients.
Geography Key Stage 3 Human and physical geography
Pupils should be taught to: understand how human and physical processes interact to influence, and change landscapes, environments and the climate; and how human activity relies on effective functioning of natural systems 
Design and technology Key Stage 3  
Making (Food) Pupils should be given opportunities to: 
apply current healthy eating messages in relation to the nutritional needs of different groups in society and consider issues of sustainability in order to make informed choices when planning, preparing and cooking meals or products;
classify food by commodity/group and understand the characteristics of a broad range of ingredients, including their nutritional, functional and sensory properties.
Key Stage 3 Geography 
tomorrow’s citizens: issues in Wales and the wider world of living sustainably and the responsibilities of being a global citizen.
Science Key Stage 4 Organisms and health
Variation within species can lead to evolutionary changes and similarities and differences between species can be measured and classified.
Science Key Stage 4 Environment, Earth and universeThe effects of human activity on the environment can be assessed using living and non-living indicators.
Northern Ireland
Key Stage 3
Environment and society: Geography
Developing pupils as Contributors to the Economy and Environment
Pupils should have opportunities to: Explore how we can exercise environmental stewardship and help promote a better quality of life for present and future generations, both locally and globally